• Strengthening exercises (known as toega) have been proven to improve foot function. Read the scientific evidence.

  • Discover the link between healthy foot function and the ability to maintain balance.

  • “The great tragedy of science- the slaying of a beautiful hypothesis by an ugly fact” Thomas Huxley. Proponents of forefoot and barefoot running wrong

  • Many areas of modern ‘science’ are characterised by lack of consensus and equivocal findings...

  • There are still many that believe the heel-toe pattern is not how our ancestors used to walk, especially when barefoot...

  • This piece will dispel the myth that humans are evolved to walk on the forefoot...

  • Up to 50% of all injuries sustained by runners are at the knee (van Gent et al., 2007). Among the most common is patellofemoral pain syndrome...

  • Effective and efficient energy transfer is nature’s first principle of design...

  • An undisputed law of biology is that form both follows and determines function. The function of the foot is to provide an adaptable and stable ...

  • Improvements in function, fitness and health are well-known adaptations to intelligent physical activity, but they are hard won. ...

  • Running-related injury rates are between 30% and 80% annually with the knee being the most common site of injury (van Gent et al., 2007). This...

  • I am Dr Mick Wilkinson, a senior lecturer in sport, exercise and rehabilitation science at Northumbria University in north-east England. I am ...

  • Structural disorders of the foot cause pain, mobility problems and decreased quality of life affecting over 60% of older adults...

  • Extended average lifespan has resulted in increased prevalence of age-related neurodegenerative disorders including dementia, Alzheimer’s and...

  • Ageing is an inevitable process in all biological systems characterised by loss of function and ultimately death. While average lifespan has...